Sutia Kim Alter, Managing the Double Bottom Line: A Business Planning Guide for Social Enterprises (2000).
Abstract (from publisher): Throughout, the manual aims to engender strategic thinking. Exercises are conceived to be multidimensional, pushing practitioners to "think outside the box." Starting, then running, a social enterprise is far from a static process. Businesses need to reinvent themselves constantly to adapt to ever-changing environments. This entails endless strategic reflection and analysis on the part of social enterprise managers and stakeholders, with an understanding that each decision they make may have a ripple effect on other aspects of their business.
Alan R. Andreasen, SOCIAL MARKETING IN THE 21ST CENTURY (2005).
Abstract (from product description at Amazon.com): The goal of this book is to reposition social marketing so that foundations, government agencies, and various nonprofits will approach social change in a way that reaches both upstream and downstream individuals in society. The author outlines potential roles, restates fundamental principles, and then suggests how social marketing might be applied to a sample of nontraditional challenges.
Alan R. Andreasen & Philip Kotler, STRATEGIC MARKETING FOR NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS (7th ed. 2007).
Abstract (from product description at Amazon.com): This book offers readers a practical foundation for marketing in nonprofit organizations. Its coverage encompasses the entire marketing process, providing insights on strategic evaluations, positioning, market targeting, and more.
James E. Austin, The Collaboration Challenge: How Nonprofits and Businesses Succeed Through Strategic Alliances (2000).
Abstract (from Booklist): This text identifies major alliances and examines how they function, looking at the various stages through which they must pass. It explains the role of top leadership and emphasizes the importance of a strategic "fit" between the two partners. Austin suggests different areas within organizations for alignment as well as ways for partners to analyze the value of their collaboration. He then considers ongoing practical management issues and concludes with guidelines for collaborations and questions that must be addressed.
Björn Bjerke & Hans Rämö, Entrepreneurial Imagination: Time, Timing, Space and Place in Business Action (2011).
Abstract (adapted from publisher): Entrepreneurial Imagination innovatively focuses on entrepreneurial and economic action in time, timing, space and place. Schedules and places of production, working times and working places, are no longer fixed due to the effects of the contemporary economy. The authors expertly bring together a focused and themed book that deals wholly with the subjects of time and space in a phenomenological understanding of entrepreneurial ventures and related business action. They discuss theories and thinking of human action, space, place, timing and time in various entrepreneurial and business arenas, including social entrepreneuring, environmental and corporate social responsibility, network forms of entrepreneuring, urban governance and regional development. Taking a phenomenological approach to enable readers to understand entrepreneurship and related economic action clearly will prove to be inspiring for students, academics and practitioners interested in all areas of entrepreneurship and similar issues.
Paul Bloom & Edward Skloot, Scaling Social Impact: New Thinking (2010).
Abstract (from Amazon Product Description): Many social entrepreneurs struggle to take successful, innovative programs that address social problems a local or limited basis and scale them up to expand their impact in a more widespread, deeper, and efficient way. The editors address this issue with a comprehensive collection of original papers written by leading scholars that offers the latest thinking about how to scale social impact successfully.
Eve Blossom, Material Change: Design Thinking and the Social Entrepreneurship Movement (2011).
Abstract (adapted from publisher): Material Change is the story of architect and entrepreneur Eve Blossom, who built her design business, Lulan Artisans, on a framework of ecological, economic and social sustainability. Lulan Artisans is a for-profit social venture that designs, produces and markets contemporary textiles made by Blossom’s collaborators—over 650 weavers, dyers, spinners and finishers in Cambodia, India, Laos, Thailand and Vietnam. Lulan’s mission is ambitious: to preserve artisanal traditions; to give workers an ample wage, benefits and a safe workplace; to bring stability to communities by creating jobs; and to provide economic alternatives to human trafficking. Here, Blossom describes her travels and experiences in bustling cities and remote villages in Vietnam, Cambodia and elsewhere in Southeast Asia, as the region was opening its doors to free trade and tourism. The authors walk with her through markets where handmade fabrics are sold, and accompany her on motorbikes to visit rural villages devoted to farming and weaving. The authors learned how she formed Lulan Artisans, by getting to know the artisans and their designs, processes and heritages. Blossom’s trips to Southeast Asia put her face-to-face with the horrors of the sex trade, galvanizing her commitment to disruptive entrepreneurship. Also featured are stories by other disruptive entrepreneurs who are part of a growing movement to merge design, social compassion, and business: Muna AbuSulayman, Patrick Awuah, Shashin Chokshi, Tali Gottlieb, Joi Ito, Dr. Jordan Kassalow, Shaffi Mather, Tobias Rose-Stockwell, Juliana Rotich and Ricardo Terán. The result is a new, holistic model for the twenty-first century. Eve Blossom is the founder and CEO of Lulan Artisans. An architect by training, Eve lectures worldwide on sustainable integrated design and innovative business methodologies.
Richard Blundel & Nigel Lockett, Exploring Entrepreneurship: Practices and Perspectives (2011).
Abstract (adapted from the publisher): Exploring Entrepreneurship examines the nature of entrepreneurial activity in the 21st century, and aims to help students develop the skills and knowledge required by commercial and social entrepreneurs. Readers of this text will gain a deeper insight into the activities of entrepreneurs in both the commercial and social sectors and be able to reflect critically on the nature of entrepreneurship and its role in the creation of new commercial and social ventures. The text makes considerable use of case-based examples, so that students can learn from the experiences of real entrepreneurs as they struggle to create and to develop their ventures. It provides detailed coverage of many different types of entrepreneurship - from commercial, primarily profit-oriented ventures and what are often termed 'social' enterprises, where the primary aim is to address a social or environmental challenge, rather than simply to secure a profit. In contrast to most other texts, it also addresses 'anti-social' forms of entrepreneurship, with examples that range from the unethical and environmentally-destructive behaviour of legitimate firms to the shady world of organised crime
David Bornstein, HOW TO CHANGE THE WORLD: SOCIAL ENTREPRENEURS AND THE POWER OF NEW IDEAS (2007).
Abstract (from publisher): This book provides vivid profiles of social entrepreneurs. The book is an In Search of Excellence for social initiatives, intertwining personal stories, anecdotes, and analysis. Readers will discover how one person can make an astonishing difference in the world. The case studies in the book include Jody Williams, who won the Nobel Peace Prize for the international campaign against landmines she ran by e-mail from her Vermont home; Roberto Baggio, a 31-year old Brazilian who has established eighty computer schools in the slums of Brazil; and Diana Propper, who has used investment banking techniques to make American corporations responsive to environmental dangers.
David Bornstein & Susan Davis, SOCIAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP: WHAT EVERYONE NEEDS TO KNOW (2010).
Abstract (from product description at Amazon.com): In development circles, there is now widespread consensus that social entrepreneurs represent a far better mechanism to respond to needs than we have ever had before--a decentralized and emergent force that remains our best hope for solutions that can keep pace with our problems and create a more peaceful world. This book provides a general overview of social entrepreneurship. In a Q & A format, it allows readers to go directly to the information they need. The authors map out social entrepreneurship in its broadest terms as well as in its particulars.
Jerr Boschee, BOSCHEE ON MARKETING: POSITIONING & MARKETING STRATEGIES FOR SOCIAL ENTREPRENEURS (2007).
Abstract (from product description at Amazon.com): Contains 21 columns written by Jerr Boschee for the online magazine Social Enterprise Reporter. Individual sections cover topics such as leadership, marketing fundamentals, entrepreneurial strategic planning, positioning strategies, overcoming customer resistance, strategic partnerships, pricing, marketing communications, employee communications, customer service, market research and The Strategic Marketing Matrix for Social Entrepreneurs.
Jerr Boschee, Migrating From Innovation to Entrepreneurship: How Nonprofits are Moving Toward Sustainability and Self-Sufficiency (2006).
Abstract (from Amazon Product Description): This book covers the basic principles of social entrepreneurship, typical outcomes experienced by the pioneers in the field, some common stakeholder concerns, the single greatest obstacle for nonprofits adopting or expanding entrepreneurial strategies, and 14 critical success factors. The book also contains "A Practical Lexicon for Social Entrepreneurs" that defines more than 80 key terms (often in the form of mini-tutorials) and a selected print and electronic bibliography (the electronic entries are annotated
Jerr Boschee, The Social Enterprise Sourcebook (2001).
Abstract (from Amazon Product Description): Profiles of 14 nonprofits that have successfully started social enterprises, including candid assessments by their senior executives of mistakes made and lessons learned.
Peter C. Brinckerhoff, Social Entrepreneurship: The Art of Mission-Based Venture Development (2000).
Abstract (from Amazon Product Description): Far from interfering with an organizations ability to provide needed services, techniques such as marketing, cash flow analysis, property management, and good use of technology all contribute to a charitable organizations mission capability. Unlike a not-for-profit that thinks of itself as a charity, the successful not-for-profit is really a mission-based business. In an era of rapid change, increasing competition, and the need for more accountability to governments, foundations, insurers, and donors, knowing how to innovate, compete, and take reasonable risks on behalf of the mission is critical. It is, in short, the era of the social entrepreneur.
Arthur C. Brooks, SOCIAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP: A MODERN APPROACH TO SOCIAL VALUE CREATION (2008).
Abstract (from publisher): This text brings together the established pedagogy of entrepreneurship with cutting edge nonprofit and public management tools. Measuring social value, earned income, donations and government income, entrepreneurial fundraising and marketing, and social enterprise business plans. For the entrepreneur who seeks to understand the social and non-for-profit sectors.
Peter C. Brinckerhoff, SOCIAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP: THE ART OF MISSION-BASED VENTURE DEVELOPMENT (2000).
Case Studies in Social Entrepreneurship and Sustainability, Vol. 2: The Oikos Collection (Jost Hamschmidt & Michael Pirson, eds., 2011).
Abstract (adapted from Amazon) : Case Studies in Social Entrepreneurship and Sustainability is the second volume resulting from the Oikos Global Case Writing Competition - an annual program launched in 2003 to promote the publication of high-quality teaching cases in corporate sustainability. This book expands the collection with award-winning global cases in the rapidly growing field of social entrepreneurship and sustainability.
In view of the growing importance of various sustainability trends, management schools are increasingly challenged to adapt their entrepreneurship and business curricula. Management education needs to reflect the trends and provide a broadened understanding of value creation. Sustainability is a concept that demands that organizations consider the legitimate expectations of different stakeholders in their value creation processes. At the same time, it underlines the fact that many sustainability trends offer new business opportunities that entrepreneurs will seize. As a result, value creation processes need to be reorganized in order to create economic capital while developing social capital and preserving natural capital.
Indeed, entrepreneurial organizations are increasingly dealing with these challenges. The case studies in this book explore both the opportunities and pitfalls entrepreneurs - working with organizations with for-profit, hybrid and non-profit business models - face in targeting sustainability issues and how their values and core assumptions impact their business strategies. They describe new patterns of value creation, new alliances, and the challenges of dealing with existing paradigms. It is clear that new ways of doing business with a common objective of maximizing social impact are substantially shaping markets and society.
David Y. Choi & Edmund R. Gray, Values-Centered Entrepreneurs and Their Companies (2012).
Abstract (adapted from publisher): This book explores how many highly unorthodox leaders have built their profitable and socially responsible business enterprises, and what lessons can be learned for the next generation of entrepreneurs. The authors examine a group of over 40 entrepreneurial companies and how each balanced the profit objective with social responsibility in key aspects of their business operation – from their initial company formation, through growth, to exit – to build successful triple bottom-line companies. Choi and Gray particularly focus on how these firms’ commitment to values affected their company missions, hiring and organizational policies, marketing strategies, financial practices, exit options, and giving programs, and vice versa. In some cases, the authors find that the entrepreneurs’ social objectives have actually strengthened, not weakened, their business enterprises. Based on their extensive studies of these companies, he authors have distilled a set of commonalities. The book presents ten of the most dominant and interesting of these commonalities with a focus on those policies and decisions that appeared to depart from conventional business practice.
Odell Cleveland & Robert J. Wineberg, Pracademics and Community Change: A True Story of Nonprofit Development and Social Entrepreneurship During Welfare Reform (2011).
Abstract (from Amazon.com): How a community, an activist, and a scholar created a 100 million dollar faith-based nonprofit workforce development corporation. This book presents the single unified case history of the Welfare Reform Liaison Project started in Greensboro, North Carolina through the eyes of co-founder and CEO the Reverend Odell Cleveland and academic consultant Bob Wineburg, whose friendship is an integral part of the narrative. Through this one story, told from the beginning in a direct, conversational tone, all those steps which were necessary to create an innovative and successful nonprofit organization are brought forth, from the development of a program model, to its implementation, and the growth of the organization over more than a decade. Told by a black practitioner and white academic who find common ground despite significant differences in background, training, and outlook, this story also takes a frank look at the racial politics and politics in general of social service networks.
Community Co-Production: Social Enterprise in Remote and Rural Communities (Jane Farmer et al. eds. 2012).
Abstract (from publisher): Governments around the globe are promoting co-production and community social enterprise as policy strategies to address the need for local, 21st century service provision - but can small communities engage spontaneously in social enterprise and what is the true potential for citizens to produce services?
This book addresses a clutch of contemporary societal challenges including: aging demography and the consequent need for extended care in communities; public service provision in an era of retrenching welfare and global financial crises; service provision to rural communities that are increasingly 'hollowed out' through lack of working age people; and, how best to engender the development of community social enterprise organizations capable of providing high quality, accessible services. It is packed with information and evidence garnered from research into the environment for developing community social enterprise and co-producing services; how communities react to being asked to co-produce; what to expect in terms of the social enterprises they can produce; and, how to make them happen.
This book is an antidote to the rhetoric of optimistic governments that pronounce co-production as a panacea to the challenges of providing local services and by drawing on the evidence from a 'real-life' international study will make policy makers more savvy about their aspirations for co-production, give service professionals practical strategies for working with communities, fill a gap in the academic evidence about community, as opposed to individual, social enterprise and reassure community members that they can deliver services through community social enterprise if the right partnerships and strategies are in place.
Creating a New Civilization Through Social Entrepreneurship (Patrick Uwe Petit ed., 2011).
Abstract (adapted from publisher): Social entrepreneurs are essential to the restoration of a sustainable planet and the improvement of lives of billions of people, especially of those living in extreme poverty. Therefore, social entrepreneurs deserve further recognition and support by the international community—by governments, multinational companies, and philanthropic organizations. Creating a New Civilization through Social Entrepreneurship highlights the global movement of social entrepreneurship and some of the leading organizations and individuals that are advancing this citizen sector movement. The volume presents examples of innovative people that are tackling major social problems and triggering systemic change throughout the world today.
Lee Davis & Nicole Etchart, Profits for Nonprofits: An Assessment of the Challenges in NGO Self-Financing (1999).
Abstract (from Alliance Magazine): Profits for Nonprofits is one of a four-book series designed to further practical thinking on nonprofit self-financing. Taken together, they are intended to provide practitioners and donors with the tools to determine how self-financing strategies can be used effectively and responsibly. They are born of a research program based in Central Europe, where the shifting nature of funding is threatening the financial sustainability of parts of the non-profit sector. Initial findings from this program were presented at the CIVICUS Assembly in Budapest in 1998. This book draws upon 20 case studies and offers lessons from these experiences. The authors unashamedly believe that if NGOs are to develop and sustain not only themselves but also their work, they require not only additional sources of financing but also additional types, which go beyond traditional project grants and donations. Additionality is key. They do not advocate replacing philanthropic financing. However, in the case of ArtForum in Slovakia, they do recognize a situation where a profitable business has superseded a failed non-profit turned business. Cautionary tales also exist and the lessons of dashing unprepared into this arena are there to be learned. The authors recognize that sustainability is not merely a question of identifying sufficient financial resources. If all NGOs were rich, the problem would not have been solved. Drawing upon the work of Paula Antezana at the Arias Foundation, they offer a list of a dozen factors which contribute to sustainability, of which sufficient financial resources is but one.
J. Gregory Dees, Jed Emerson & Peter Economy, Enterprising Nonprofits: A Toolkit for Social Entrepreneurs (2001).
Abstract (from Amazon Product Description): The rising spirit of social entrepreneurship has created all kinds of new opportunities for nonprofit organizations. But at the same time, many are discovering more than their share of challenges as well. Written by thinkers and practitioners in the field, Enterprising Nonprofits offers concise and engaging explanations of the most successful business tools being used by nonprofits today.
J. Gregory Dees, Jed Emerson & Peter Economy, Strategic Tools for Social Entrepreneurs: Enhancing the Performance of Your Enterprising Nonprofit (2002).
Abstract (from Amazon Product Description): As a follow-up to their book Enterprising Nonprofits, the authors of Strategic Tools for Social Entrepreneurs provide a full set of practical tools for putting the lessons of business entrepreneurship to work in your nonprofit. The book offers hands-on guidance that helps social sector leaders hone their entrepreneurial skills and carry out their social missions more effectively. This book is filled with examples, exercises, checklists, and action steps that bring the concepts, frameworks, and tools to life. Detailed explanations of all the tools and techniques will help you personalize and apply them to your nonprofit organization.
John DuRand, The Affirmative Enterprise (1990).
Abstract (from the United Way website): The “social enterprise” concept isn’t a new one to our community – some amount of research would direct you to agencies such as MDI, Lifetrack Resources, AccessAbility, Midwest Special Services, RISE, amongst others. These programs have long occupied the “social enterprise” space (the founder of MDI, John DuRand, actually wrote a book on the subject – The Affirmative Enterprise), finding significant success in blending business with social value.
Jacqueline M. Edwards, Hybrid Organizations: Social Enterprise and Social Entrepreneurship (2008).
Abstract (from Amazon Product Description): This is an introduction to hybrid organizations and the visionaries behind the concept.
William D. Eggers & Paul MacMillan, The Social Revolution: How Business, Government, and Social Enterprises Are Teaming Up to Solve Society’s Toughest Problems (2013).
Abstract (from publisher): World hunger. Climate change. Crumbling infrastructure. It’s clear that in today’s era of fiscal constraints and political gridlock, we can no longer turn to government alone to tackle these and other towering social problems. What’s required is a new, more collaborative and productive economic system. The Solution Revolution brings hope—revealing just such a burgeoning new economy where players from across the spectrum of business, government, philanthropy, and social enterprise converge to solve big problems and create public value. By erasing public-private sector boundaries, the solution economy is unlocking trillions of dollars in social benefit and commercial value. Where tough societal problems persist, new problem solvers are crowdfunding, ridesharing, app-developing, or impact-investing to design innovative new solutions for seemingly intractable problems. Providing low-cost health care, fighting poverty, creating renewable energy, and preventing obesity are just a few of the tough challenges that also represent tremendous opportunities for those at the vanguard of this movement. They create markets for social good and trade solutions instead of dollars to fill the gap between what government can provide and what citizens need.
So what drives the solution economy? Who are these new players and how are their roles changing? How can we grow the movement? And how can we participate? Deloitte’s William D. Eggers and Paul Macmillan answer these questions and more, and they introduce us to the people and organizations driving the revolution—from edgy social enterprises growing at a clip of 15 percent a year, to megafoundations, to Fortune 500 companies delivering social good on the path to profit. Recyclebank, RelayRides, and LivingGoods are just a few of the innovative organizations you’ll read about in this book. Government cannot handle alone the huge challenges facing our global society—and it shouldn’t. We need a different economic paradigm that can flexibly draw on resources, combine efforts, and create value, while improving the lives of citizens. The Solution Revolution shows the way.
John Elkington, Pamela Hartigan, and Klaus Schwab, THE POWER OF UNREASONABLE PEOPLE: HOW SOCIAL ENTREPRENEURS CREATE MARKETS THAT CHANGE THE WORLD (2008).
Abstract (based on review from Publishers Weekly): The authors argue that the best place to find tomorrow's revolutionary business models is on the unpredictable fringes of the mainstream market. The heart of the book are the case studies, of both for-profit and nonprofit social organizations (many of them in Asian and Indian countries), which are mined for ideas and theories regarding their impact on global markets and local communities.
Tania Ellis, THE NEW PIONEERS: SUSTAINABLE BUSINESS SUCCESS THROUGH SOCIAL INNOVATION AND SOCIAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP (2010).
Product Description (from Amazon): Social Entrepreneurs hold the key to the future way of doing business and solving social problems. They show that social and economic development can go hand in hand. The book sets the scene by creating an overview of current social megatrends affecting business and society. It then goes on to show how businesses, non-profits and society can benefit from the innovative forces of social entrepreneurship and how they can create sustainable growth and development through social innovation and social business. It introduces, defines and illustrates the concepts of social innovation and social entrepreneurship with a wide variety of international cases that illustrate how social entrepreneurs have created successful businesses built on a social mission. The author provides practical methods and principles for NGOs and commercial companies that want to create social business.
Jed Emerson & Fay Twersky, New Social Entrepreneurs: The Success, Challenge and Lessons of Non-Profit Enterprise Creation (1996).
Abstract (from National Housing Institute website): In the first part of the book, editor Jed Emerson, whose background includes running a social service agency before becoming director of The Roberts Foundation's Homeless Economic Development Fund, offers five detailed case studies and 16 case summaries of nonprofit organizations' ventures. The studies and summaries provide a wealth of detail, including numbers, about each venture. Not all the businesses were successful, and the book describes why some failed, and why others succeeded. Additional chapters discuss how to understand and use financials and accounting for planning. In the second section, Emerson covers a range of topics important for those thinking about starting a for-profit business, including discussions of the role of funders, board members, and employees. The book also discusses legal considerations, global competition, and individual development, and presents a fascinating, and critical, examination of Michael Porter's (the current business guru from MIT) views on inner-city job creation.
Entrepreneurship, Social Capital and Governance: Directions for the Sustainable Development and Competitiveness of Regions (Charlie Karlsson, et al eds., 2013).
Abstract (from publisher): This book highlights the role of entrepreneurship, social capital and governance for regional economic development. In recent decades, many researchers have claimed that entrepreneurship is the most critical factor in sustaining regional economic growth. However, most entrepreneurship research is undertaken without considering the fundamental importance of the regional context. Other research has emphasized the role of social capital but there are substantial problems in empirically relating measures of social capital to regional economic development. The expert contributors to this work highlight the role of governance in regional growth, an area that has so far been relatively under-researched, underpinning their findings with new theoretical and empirical evidence. They conclude that the relationship between entrepreneurship, social capital and governance in factors affecting regional economic development are complex and interdependent, and that to influence these factors and the relationship between them, policymakers must have a long-term perspective and be both patient and persistent in their efforts.
Entrepreneurship and Sustainability: Business Solutions for Poverty Alleviation from around the World (Daphne Halkias & Paul W. Thurman, eds., 2012).
Abstract (from publisher): In "Entrepreneurship and Sustainability" the editors and contributors challenge the notion that not-for-profit social entrepreneurship is the only sort that can lead to the alleviation of poverty. Entrepreneurship for profit is not just about the entrepreneur doing well. Entrepreneurs worldwide are leading successful for - profit ventures which contribute to poverty alleviation in their communities. With the challenge of global poverty before them, entrepreneurs continue to develop innovative, business-oriented ventures that deliver promising solutions to this complex and urgent agenda. This book explores how best to bring commercial investors together with those who are best placed to reach the poorest customers. With case studies from around the World, the focus of the contributions is on the new breed of entrepreneurs who are blending a profit motive with a desire to make a difference in their communities and beyond borders. A number of the contributions here also recognize that whilst much research has been devoted to poverty alleviation in developing countries, this is only part of the story. Studies in this volume also focus upon enterprise solutions to poverty in pockets of significant deprivation in high-income countries, such as the Appalachia region of the US, in parts of Europe, and the richer Asian countries. Much has been written about the achievements of socially orientated non-profit microfinance institutions. This valuable, academically rigorous but accessible book will help academics, policy makers, and business people consider what the next generation of more commercially orientated banks for the 'bottom billion' might look like.
Entrepreneurship Education in Asia (Hugh Thomas & Donna Kelley eds., 2011).
Abstract (adapted from publisher): The continuing success of the Asian Miracle relies on an entrepreneurial revolution that has increased the productivity and flexibility of economies across the region. Yet this revolution has largely been necessity-driven, traditional and vulnerable to erosion as the region becomes increasingly prosperous and well educated. How to educate the next wave of entrepreneurs is a pressing Asian question that resonates around the world and is the subject of this volume. Hugh Thomas and Donna Kelley draw on 24 scholars from 15 institutions to report on regional entrepreneurship education. They identify problems encountered by educators and describe solutions that stimulate students to create value. The approaches are hands-on, project-based and multidisciplinary, geared to develop educator-to-business entrepreneurial ecosystems. The entrepreneurial programs described in this book involve experiencing foreign cultures, working with major corporations, consulting to small and medium sized enterprises, travelling to distant lands, addressing environmental and social problems, and reaching out to the disadvantaged. Social entrepreneurship is combined with for-profit entrepreneurship in programs that extend the concept of value creation. This book eloquently and expertly describes how entrepreneurship education – whether in Vietnam, Malaysia, Korea, Japan, China or elsewhere on the globe – can combine with community to help youth create a better world.
Alain Fayolle & Harry Matlay, Handbook of Research on Social Entrepreneurship (2011).
Abstract (from the author): This timely Handbook provides an empirically rigorous overview of the latest research advances on social entrepreneurship, entrepreneurs and enterprises. It incorporates seventeen original chapters on definitions, concepts, contexts and strategy as well as a critical overview and an agenda for future research in social entrepreneurship. What are the forms and manifestations of social entrepreneurship? To what extent should current developments lead to a redefinition of stakeholders' strategies and roles in the quest for better consideration of the social dimension? The highly regarded group of contributors addresses these questions in some detail. They also explore social entrepreneurship from a multicultural perspective in order to highlight the diversity of social entrepreneurship forms and practices and, from a strategic perspective, to investigate the essential role played by various actors and factors in the development of social entrepreneurship. Postgraduate students and researchers studying social entrepreneurship will find this book of great interest.
Matthias Fink, Stephan Loidl & Richard Lang, Community-based Entrepreneurship and Rural Development: Creating Favorable Conditions for Small Businesses in Central Europe (2012).
Abstract (from publisher): How can municipalities in Central Europe create favorable conditions for local business? What and how can municipalities learn from each other? How can each individual in the local area contribute? And what requirements have to be met before know-how can successfully be transferred on a communal level? To answer all these questions, the authors of this book draw on results from a six-year research program and comprehensively discuss the manifold opportunities, restrictions and prerequisites of establishing favorable conditions for small and medium enterprises in rural municipalities in Central Europe.
Paul B. Firstenberg, The 21st Century Nonprofit: Managing in the Age of Governance (2d ed. 2009).
Abstract (from Foundation Center website): This new edition discusses the growing emphasis on governance reform, with a focus on three main concepts: accountability, transparency, and responsibility. New sections examine the increasingly pivotal role of board members in governance, as well as the implications for executive directors and other professional staff. Revised chapters contain updated information on strategic and operational issues, such as long-term planning, marketing, and earned income. The new edition also provides a special discussion of the strategic issues facing nonprofits during times of recession and severe economic downturn.
Paul B. Firstenberg, Managing for Profit in the Nonprofit World (1986).
Abstract (from publisher): Nonprofit organizations need to be in the business of "business", the state-of-the-art management used by the most successful FOR-profit endeavors.
Claire Gaudiani & D. Graham Burnett, Daughters Of The Declaration: How Women Social Entrepreneurs Built The American Dream (2011).
Abstract (from publisher): America's founding fathers established an idealistic framework for a bold experiment in democratic governance. The new nation would be built on the belief that "all men are created equal, and are endowed...with a right to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness." The challenge of turning these ideals into reality for all citizens was taken up by a set of exceptional American women. Distinguished scholar and civic leader Claire Gaudiani calls these women "social entrepreneurs," arguing that they brought the same drive and strategic intent to their pursuit of "the greater good" that their male counterparts applied to building the nation's capital markets throughout the nineteenth century. Gaudiani tells the stories of these patriotic women, and their creation of America's unique not-for-profit, or "social profit" sector. She concludes that the idealism and optimism inherent in this work provided an important asset to the increasing prosperity of the nation from its founding to the Second World War. Social entrepreneurs have defined a system of governance "by the people," and they remain our best hope for continued moral leadership in the world.
Stephen Goldsmith, Gigi Georges & Tim Glynn Burke, THE POWER OF SOCIAL INNOVATION: HOW CIVIC ENTREPRENEURS IGNITE COMMUNITY NETWORKS FOR GOOD (2010).
Abstract (from product description at Amazon.com): This book provides tools for civic entrepreneurs to create healthier communities and promote innovative solutions to public and social problems. It shows how to address issues facing our country and world by exploring new ways to collaborate across sectors and leveraging strengths for the greater good. Based on the authors’ experiences, ongoing research, and interviews with 100+ top leaders from across sectors, this book is structured around the six levers and guiding principles employed in the most effective entrepreneurial interventions.
Patricia G. Greene & John S. Butler, The Sociology of Entrepreneurship as a Provider of Context, in Entrepreneurship, Vol. 3 (Mark P. Rice & Timothy G. Habbershon, eds., 2006).
Abstract: Volume 3, "Place," considers the context in which entrepreneurship is practiced, including corporate venturing, family enterprise, franchising, and public policies designed to promote entrepreneurship and economic development. Featuring contributions from leading scholars and practitioners, and with a global perspective throughout, this unique set illuminates the dynamic role that entrepreneurship plays in promoting knowledge and economic opportunity, exploring new models, trends, and practices in entrepreneurship that will be of interest to a wide array of academics, professionals, and newcomers to the field.
HANDBOOK OF SOCIAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP (William Schulte& Ana Maria Peredo, eds. 2010).
Product Description (from Amazon): Social entrepreneurship, in its many forms – whether it be the use of entrepreneurial strategies and techniques to develop and manage organizations with social and community aims, or operating for-profit enterprises that have as their mission community betterment and concern for global well-being – has captured the interest and imaginations of scholars, practitioners, governments, and the general public since the early 1990s. The sharp increases in academic research and university courses in SE and funding for social entrepreneurs has left scholars, students, and practitioners hungry for quality resources on the topic.
Georgia Levenson Keohane, Social Entrepreneurship for the 21st Century: Innovation across the Nonprofit, Private, and Public Sectors (2012).
Abstract (adapted from publisher): Modern social entrepreneurship is transforming the way we invest our money and change the world. Within 10 years, investors will channel hundreds of billions of dollars to achieve positive social and environmental impact in housing, health, education, energy, and financial services across the globe. While there are extraordinary financial and social gains to be made, many unanswered questions remain. What's the best way to harness markets to promote social change? And what kinds of investments can we make across the nonprofit, private, and public sectors to achieve a more shared prosperity? This book demystifies the complex world of social entrepreneurship, providing all the information you need to understand social investment and innovation, whether you’re a private investor, policymaker, nonprofit manager, or passionate and engaged donor.
Jill R. Kickul & Thomas S. Lyons, Understanding Social Entrepreneurship: The Relentless Pursuit of Mission in an Ever Changing World (2012).
Abstract (adapted from publisher): Social entrepreneurship involves the application of business practices to the pursuit of social and/or environmental mission. It brings the mindset, principles, strategies, tools and techniques of entrepreneurship to the social sector, yielding innovative solutions to the vexing problems facing society – poverty, hunger, inadequate housing and homelessness, unemployment and under-employment, illiteracy, disease, environmental degradation, etc. It finds solutions where government and private sector efforts have not. This intriguing field has captured the imaginations of thousands of business and public administration students around the world, leading to the creation of hundreds of courses and programs of study to meet this burgeoning demand. This book is aimed at instructors of entrepreneurship, as it offers a comprehensive treatment of this subject. The book begins by defining social entrepreneurship, and then walks the reader through planning, organizing, funding, and finally running a socially entrepreneurial enterprise.
Patrick Kioko, Social Entrepreneurship in Action: Gered Gereedschap Case: Social Entrepreneurship Unlocking the Development Potential of Marginalized Communities: Stichting Gered Gereedschap (2012).
Abstract (from publisher): The study examined Gered Gereedschap (GG) case in view of social entrepreneurship venture. Social entrepreneurship is a field where individuals referred to as social entrepreneurs come up with innovative solutions to society’s most pressing social problems. Such individuals possess certain characteristic such as passion, ambition, persistent, courage, practical, resourceful, innovation and are long-term in their vision. GG is a Dutch non-profit organization which has no political or religious affiliation and works through volunteers to collect, clean and repair second hand tools which are sent to Africa and other developing countries to aid vocational training. GG has been doing this work since its inception in 1982 based on the vision of social value creation of Laura Dols the founder. The study concludes that GG is a social entrepreneurship venture with a social mission of assisting vocational training in Africa who lacks adequate tools to undertake such work. The provision of the used tools is a form of aid that has helped to make individuals in Africa acquire life long career which has facilitated income generation, employment creation, etc.
Philip Kotler & Alan R. Andreasen, Strategic Marketing for Nonprofit Organizations (7th ed. 2007).
Abstract (from Amazon Product Description): This book offers readers a practical foundation for marketing in nonprofit organizations. Its coverage encompasses the entire marketing process, providing valuable insights on strategic evaluations, positioning, market targeting, and more. For managers and future managers of nonprofit organizations, for-profit organizations, and government agencies.
Marc J. Lane, Empowering Mission-Driven Entrepreneurs (2012).
Abstract (from publisher): Today's economy has forced many charities to cut back on their service. Charitable giving is also down, and federal and state governments are pulling back on their support of the social sector. This trend has drastically changed the business model for many nonprofit organizations, requiring them to become innovative and entrepreneurial in order to survive. Increasingly, this means engaging in "social enterprise," and defining success in terms of both financial and social returns. At the same time, many for-profit businesses are also finding they can generate significant revenue while addressing social needs. Moreover, financial incentives, tax benefits and more can be realized through social enterprise activities. This important and timely book describes the special legal considerations lawyers must know when advising for-profit or not-for-profit entities that engage in "socially conscious" activities. From funding, organizational structure, business models, governance, and tax treatments, this book is the complete legal guide to social enterprise. The future demands an entrepreneurial approach to business if organizations wish to survive. Social enterprise is the heart of much of that activity. If your client is involved in, or simply considering, starting a social enterprise, this book is the essential guide to successfully navigating the state and federal rules involved. It's also an important resource for nascent and seasoned social entrepreneurs, donors, investors and other stakeholders who see social enterprise as a potent tool to drive positive social change.
Rolfe Larson, Venture Forth! The Essential Guide to Starting a Moneymaking Business in Your Nonprofit Organization (2002).
Abstract (from Amazon Product Description): Building on the experience of many organizations, this handbook gives you a time-tested approach for finding, testing, and launching a successful nonprofit business venture. Whether your organization is large or small, the book's seven steps guide you through the entire process-from idea to complete business plan. Examples, tips, timelines, and reproducible worksheets help you: Assess the strengths and weaknesses of venture ideas to find the most promising ones; Determine which ideas fit your mission, resources, and skills; Make solid decisions based on data rather than impressions; Prepare a complete-and reassuring-financial analysis showing your breakeven point and future profitability; Write a compelling, detailed business plan and get it approved.
Manuel London & Richard G. Morfopoulos, Social Entrepreneurship: How to Start Successful Corporate Social Responsibility and Community-Based Initiatives for Advocacy and Change (2009).
Abstract (from Amazon Product Description): What motivates someone to become a social entrepreneur? What are the competencies needed to be effective social advocates and agents for change? This book answers these questions in an accessible and practical way, providing comprehensive guidelines, numerous examples, and sources of information and training for anyone who wants to start a community-based social advocacy and change initiative or for employees who want to start a corporate social responsibility initiative.
Ian C. MacMillan & James D. Thompson, The Social Entrepreneur’s Playbook: Pressure Test Your Start-Up Idea (2013).
Abstract (from publisher): Does Your Social Enterprise Start-Up Have What It Takes to Make a Difference and Become Self-Sufficient? With more than 26 years’ combined experience developing and studying social enterprises in the field across Africa and in the United States, Wharton professor Ian MacMillan and Dr. James Thompson, director of the Wharton Social Enterprise Program, have found that social entrepreneurs do not face greater risk than traditional entrepreneurs in launching a social enterprise; they face greater uncertainty. In The Social Entrepreneur’s Playbook, MacMillan and Thompson provide a tough-love approach that guides aspiring social entrepreneurs to systematically decrease uncertainty and significantly increase the likelihood of a successful social enterprise launch. They offer critical frameworks and tools to help them take the next step when they are ready. Filled with inspiring stories of social entrepreneurs, The Social Entrepreneur’s Playbook is a must-read for any aspiring social entrepreneur, as well as philanthropists, foundations, and nonprofits interested in doing more with less.
This free e-book project is itself a social enterprise: it seeks to generate modest, self-sustaining revenues from book sales while helping social entrepreneurs start up their ventures successfully. For that reason, the authors are following their own advice.
Thomas A. McLaughlin, Nonprofit Mergers and Alliances: A Strategic Planning Guide (1998).
Abstract (from Amazon Product Description): In Nonprofit Mergers and Alliances, Thomas McLaughlin describes a context for nonprofit mergers and discusses the forces that shape their use. He demonstrates that nonprofit mergers are fundamentally different from corporate mergers, that they can be of immense benefit to the community as well as the merging organizations, and that failure to merge can be disastrous for everyone. McLaughlin focuses on the concerns of the nonprofit sector: achieving the mission, retaining tax-exempt status, behaving responsibly in the community. He shows nonprofit managers and board members how to make their way through the merger process without repeating Wall Street misbehavior. Using real-world examples and case studies, Nonprofit Mergers and Alliances offers clear, practical, step-by-step guidance through the merger process from preliminary considerations to actual implementation— pointing out pitfalls and offering insightful commentary along the way.
Nonprofit Enterprise & Self-Sustainability Team (NESsT), Get Ready, Get Set: Starting Down the Road to Self-Financing (2004).
Abstract (from NESsT website): Get Ready, Get Set is designed to help the staff and board of a nonprofit organization consider their options for self-financing. Get Ready, Get Set is a beginner-level handbook that helps you decide whether (and how) starting up or expanding a social enterprise can help your organization reach its financial and mission goals. Get Ready, Get Set will help you assess your readiness for social enterprise; identify enterprise opportunities that match your core values, mission, competencies and goals; and assess the feasibility of enterprise ideas and your capacity to undertake them.
Nonprofit Enterprise & Self-Sustainability Team (NESsT), The NGO Business Hybrid: Is the Private Sector the Answer? (1997).
Abstract (from NESsT website): The concept of "organizational sustainability" for grassroots community organizations in developing countries has generated mounting interest in recent years in light of both diminishing development resources and increased expectations for Southern NGOs. Generating a sufficient source of income for NGO programmatic activities is one of the oldest and greatest conundrums for NGO leaders around the world. NGOs have become increasing dependent on project-based donor funds which limit their abilities to plan strategically and independently. The intention of this study is to critically examine the idea of NGO "self-financing" as one component of a strategy for NGO financial sustainability. The study closely examines an international group of over 15 NGOs attempting to generate their own sources of income through commercial ventures, and sales of services or products. The intention is to identify some of the key issues and obstacles that exist in implementing self-financing approaches to supplement traditional public and private project-based donor funding.
Nonprofit Enterprise & Self-sustainability Team (NESsT), Risky Business: The Impacts of Merging Mission and Market (2004).
Abstract (from NESsT website): An important contribution to the growing debate on “social return on investment,” Risky Business uses analyses of 45 social enterprise cases from 15 countries to examine impact in terms of financial performance, mission/values, organizational culture, relations with stakeholders, etc. Risky Business challenges many of the assumptions made about performance “measurement” and “metrics,” pointing out the unique challenges of quantifying and qualifying the financial and social impacts of social enterprise.
The Nonprofit Entrepreneur: Creating Ventures to Earn Income (Edward Skloot ed., 1988).
Abstract (from Foundation Center website): Nonprofit enterprise exists along a spectrum of activity starting with traditional fee-for-service charges and extending into full-scale commercial activity. According to the Urban Institute's Nonprofit Sector Project, approximately 15 percent of nonprofits actually engage in commerce, but more than 70 percent now earn some money through fees and service charges. It is this larger cluster of organizations for whom this book is relevant, since many organizations that charge fees for service commonly operate in a businesslike, market-sensitive manner. They are poised to expand into product or service marketing if they have not already done so. Indeed, examining and updating fee-for-service policies and practices is one starting point for a move into enterprise.
Patrick Uwe Petit, Creating A New Civilization Through Social Entrepreneurship (2011).
Abstract (from Amazon.com) : Humanity is confronted with the gravest financial crisis and economic recession since the Great Depression. Political leaders, national ministries of finance, and central banks around the world are trying to prop up their countries’ sinking economies and arrest a downward economic spiral by innovative financial rescue and bank bailout plans, as well as economic stimulus and recovery packages. These measures are being taken to reestablish trust in the economy and to trigger an economic revival. Despite these efforts, stagnation seems imminent, as uncertainty leads businesses and consumers to place spending and investing decisions on hold.
Social entrepreneurs are essential to the restoration of a sustainable planet and the improvement of lives of billions of people, especially of those living in extreme poverty. Therefore, social entrepreneurs deserve further recognition and support by the international community—by governments, multinational companies, and philanthropic organizations. Creating a New Civilization through Social Entrepreneurship highlights the global movement of social entrepreneurship and some of the leading organizations and individuals that are advancing this citizen sectormovement. This volume presents examples of innovative people that are tackling major social problems and triggering systemic change throughout the world today.
Ryszard Praszkier & Andrzej Nowak, Social Entrepreneurship: Theory and Practice (2012).
Abstract (adapted from publisher): This book is about the creative ways in which social entrepreneurs solve pressing and insurmountable social problems. Theories of social change are presented to help demystify the 'magic' of making an immense, yet durable and irreversible, social impact. Utilizing case studies drawn from various fields and all over the world, the authors document how social entrepreneurs foster bottom-up change that empowers people and societies. They also review the specific personality traits of social entrepreneurs and introduce the new kind of leadership they represent.
Rory Ridley-Duff & Mike Bull, Understanding Social Enterprise: Theory and Practice (2011).
Abstract (from Amazon.com): The first authoritative student textbook on the subject explores the issues of understanding the context and processes of Social Enterprise. In 12 comprehensive chapters the authors discuss and illustrate both theoretical and practical considerations for the field. Each chapter contains: a summary of key topics covered; illuminating and engaging international case studies to illustrate the themes covered and link them to practice; reflection boxes to enable students to critically consider their interpretation of issues raised; informative further reading; and links to online information about social enterprise projects. There is also an accompanying website with a full instructors’ manual, including PowerPoint slides and extra case studies, for lecturers and access to full-text journal articles and online exercises for students.
Andy Robinson, Selling Social Change (Without Selling Out) (2002).
Abstract (from Amazon Product Description): In Selling Social Change (Without Selling Out) expert fundraising trainer and consultant Andy Robinson shows nonprofit professionals how to initiate and sustain successful earned income ventures that provide financial security and advance an organization's mission. Step by step, this invaluable resource shows how to organize a team, select a venture, draft a business plan, find start-up funding, and successfully market goods and services. Robinson includes critical information on the tax implications of earned income and the pros and cons of corporate partnerships. The book also addresses when to consider outsourcing, collaborating with competitors, and raising additional funds to expand the business.
Rupert Scofield, The Social Entrepreneur’s Handbook: How to Start, Build, And Run a Business That Improves the World (2011).
Abstract (from the backcover ): In The Social Entrepreneur’s Handbook, author Rupert Scofield—president and CEO of FINCA International—gives you a practical plan for doing what you might have thought wasn’t possible: becoming a driving force for good by using business practices typically reserved for amassing personal wealth. Scofield teaches you how to: (a) focus your passions for social or environmental change into a single, achievable pursuit; (b) create a business plan that uses commercial entrepreneur best practices for socially beneficial ends; and (c) mitigate the personal, financial, and professional risk that comes with running a nonprofit organization.
Ruth Shapiro, The Real Problem-Solvers: Social Entrepreneurs in America (2012).
Abstract: (from publisher): Today, "social entrepreneurship" describes a host of new initiatives, and often refers to approaches that are breaking from traditional philanthropic and charitable organizational behavior.
The Real Problem Solvers brings together leading entrepreneurs, funders, investors, thinkers, and champions in the field to answer these questions from their own, first-person perspectives. Contributors include marquee figures, such as Nobel Laureate Muhammad Yunus, Ashoka Founder Bill Drayton, Jacqueline Novogratz, Founder of the Acumen Fund, and Sally Osberg, CEO of the Skoll Foundation. The core chapters are anchored by an introduction, a conclusion, and question-and-answers sections that weave together the voices of various contributors. In no other book are so many leaders presented side-by-side. Therefore, this is the ideal accessible and personal introduction for students of and newcomers to social entrepreneurship.
Bill Shore, Revolution of the Heart: A New Strategy for Creating Wealth and Meaningful Change (1995).
Abstract (from Publishers Weekly): Shore posits that welfare programs, private charities and nonprofit agencies fail to solve social problems because many compete for the same limited funds, operate inefficiently and/or use little creativity. He proposes alliances with businesses willing to dedicate part of their profits to solutions. As examples, he cites Working Assets and the enterprises of Paul Newman, Joseph Kennedy, Ben & Jerry's and his own Share Our Strength (SOS). These are driven by people of social vision who, while creating jobs and wealth, at the same time provide new funding sources for social programs. Sometimes a nonprofit, such as SOS concerned primarily with hunger enters into a partnership with an existing company, the one providing products or skills, the other devising marketing vehicles for them, and together creating new resources for social projects.
Bill Shore, The Cathedral Within: Transforming Your Life by Giving Something Back (1999).
Abstract (from Amazon.com Review): The Cathedral Within uses the metaphor of architecture to look at the way individuals allocate their resources to improve public life. Just as the enduring magnificence of a cathedral is not erected overnight, so, too, the transformation of a society takes many, many years to complete. And just as the construction of a cathedral is less a reflection of its builders' interest in masonry than a testament to the soaring reach of the human spirit, philanthropy is not so much a response to need as to a basic human requirement to give something meaningful back to society.
Social Entrepreneurship (Danielle N. Sampson ed., 2011).
Abstract (adapted from publisher): The term "social entrepreneurship" describes the efforts of often highly motivated individuals and organizations to solve economic and social problems for the benefit of society in general through the use of business methods and innovative strategies. This may involve the development and application of new inventions, the applications of existing technologies, and the development of collaborative partnerships that leverage key resources necessary to achieve pre-determined and well-defined goals. This new book provides an overview and analysis of the differing interpretations of social entrepreneurship, as well as its contributions and recent legislative proposals and options.
SOCIAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP: A SKILLS APPROACH (Robert Gunn & Christopher Durkin, eds. 2010).
Product Description (from Amazon): Outstanding social entrepreneurs inspire students, transform communities, and ignite innovative approaches to solving social needs and generating new social enterprises across the world. The in-depth theoretical study of stakeholder engagement, financial options, leadership management and organizational challenges is complemented by compelling case studies of real social enterprise success from across the UK, US, China and India.
Social Entrepreneurship: How Businesses Can Transform Society (Thomas S. Lyons ed., 2012).
Abstract (from publisher): Social entrepreneurship is the practice of using the mindset, tools, techniques, and processes of entrepreneurship to confront pressing social issues—an intriguing concept that American business is just beginning to understand. Social Entrepreneurship: How Businesses Can Transform Society brings together a group of expert contributors who offer the very latest thinking about the tremendous potential of this rapidly growing field.
Unlike other books on the subject that tend to be merely descriptive and/or inspirational, this set comprises three hands-on, how-to volumes that dig deeply into the major factors that impact social entrepreneurship. Each volume addresses one of three important aspects of setting up and running a successful enterprise: legal/organizational structure; marketing; and performance measurement and management. The author examines root concepts in detail, and spotlights opportunities, challenges, and the considerations involved in implementation. Practitioners will especially appreciate the set's practical insights and the contributors' efforts to link theory to practice in a way that facilitates effective action.
Social Entrepreneurship: New Paradigms of Sustainable Social Change (Alex Nicholls ed., 2006).
Abstract (from Amazon Product Description): "Social Entrepreneurship" is a term that has come to be applied to the activities of grass-roots activists, NGOs, policy makers, international institutions, and corporations, amongst others, which address a range of social issues in innovative and creative ways. Included in the volume are contributions from Muhammad Yunus, winner of the 2006 Nobel Peace Prize and the father of microfinance, Geoff Mulgan, former head of the British prime minister's policy unit, and Bill Drayton, founder of the Ashoka network of social entrepreneurs.
Social Entrepreneurship as a Catalyst for Social Change (Charles Wankel & Larry Pate eds., 2013).
Abstract (from publisher): Social Entrepreneurship as a Catalyst for Social Change contains twenty chapters on the impact of social entrepreneurial ventures within a variety of cultural and national contexts. From Brazil to Croatia, from Thailand to Greenland, this book is rare in that it provides a rich landscape in which to imagine additional efforts to bring about positive social change. The case studies cover a broad range of topics with one common theme-how can we learn from what others are doing in the emerging field of social entrepreneurship? The various cases will inspire budding entrepreneurs to new heights of awareness to support the alleviation of poverty in many contexts. Part Two, Lessons from the Field: How Social Entrepreneurial Companies are Succeeding, discusses the similarities and differences that social entrepreneurial ventures and other businesses must face to be successful. Other topics covered include Entrepreneur Bootcamp for Veterans, microfinance, social entrepreneurship education, and development of a culture of social entrepreneurship. Part Three, Going from Local to Global, explores the challenges of a social enterprise as it transitions from a national venture to an international one. The relationship between social entrepreneurship and local business development in places such as Sicily is discussed through case studies. A stage theory of social venture internationalization is put forth. Research connecting social media and social entrepreneurship is used to illustrate the importance of social networks in creating positive social change. Part four, Challenges in Social Entrepreneurship, explores the challenges that social entrepreneurial ventures face. Ethics of intellectual property rights in social enterprises is a focal topic in this section. Social franchising as an approach to social entrepreneurship is illustrated.
Social Entrepreneurship in the Age of Atrocities: Changing our World (Zachary D. Kaufman, ed., 2012).
Abstract (adapted from publisher): The authors in this book address the clear need for further examination of social entrepreneurship. They discuss the challenges, obstacles, and opportunities of the field and lend new insight to the concept, history, and methodologies of social entrepreneurship. The book profiles case studies based on some of the most innovative and effective social enterprises addressing atrocities, including the National Vision for Sierra Leone, Asylum Access, the Kigali Public Library, Indego Africa, Generation Rwanda, Orphans Against AIDS, Americans for Informed Democracy, and Children of Abraham. Social Entrepreneurship in the Age of Atrocities will inform, instruct, and build the community of social entrepreneurs. This collection of first-hand accounts is an inspiring and informative addition to the evolving social entrepreneurship literature. It will be of particular interest to social entrepreneurs; students, scholars, and practitioners of business, management, public policy, social policy, and development studies; anyone with a philanthropic mindset; and all those who are invested in creating and maintaining a socially responsible, accountable world.
Social Responsibility, Entrepreneurship and the Common Good: International and Interdisciplinary Perspectives (Carole Bonanni et al. eds., 2012).
Abstract (adapted from publisher): This book is an exploration of the interplay between social responsibility, entrepreneurship and the common good which is organized into four sections: business and the common good; educating responsible entrepreneurs; corporate social responsibility (CSR) challenges and the common good; and CSR and entrepreneurship in emerging economies.
Social and Sustainable Entrepreneurship (G. T. Lumpkin & Jerome A. Katz eds., 2011).
Abstract (adapted from publisher): This volume considers the timely issues of social and sustainable entrepreneurship. The chapters consider in depth the issues, problems, contexts, and processes that make entrepreneurial enterprises more social and/or sustainable. Top researchers from a diverse set of perspectives have contributed their latest research on a variety of topics such as the role of entrepreneurial bricolage in generating innovations in a social context (Gundry, Kickul, Griffins, and Bacq) and emerging themes in social entrepreneurship education (Thiru). Several chapters tackle lingering definitional issues such as the distinctions between social, sustainable, and environmental entrepreneurship (Dean, Sarason, and Neenan), or propose social entrepreneurship research agendas based on key research questions found in prior studies (Gras, Mosakowski, and Lumpkin). There are brief histories of social change and their entrepreneurial implications (Kucher and Summers), and frameworks for studying different types of social and sustainable entrepreneurship (Lichtenstein). Each of the chapters, in its own way, addresses the progress and promise of social and sustainable entrepreneurship as a future research domain of growing interest and importance.
Richard Steckel, Robin Simons & Peter Lengsfelder, Filthy Rich & Other Nonprofit Fantasies: Changing the Way Nonprofits Do Business in the 90s (1989).
Abstract (from Library Journal): Using case studies of a children's museum and a social service organization, this is an instructional manual for the nonprofit professional or board member on developing income-earning ventures within the context of the nonprofit structure. Because the examples and lessons are mostly from museums and small social service agencies, this book would serve these organizations well. It does not explore the methods employed by performing arts, hospitals, and educational nonprofits, all of which have long utilized profit-making ventures to underwrite their programs. The text is enlivened with popular culture quotes, dialogue from movies, cartoons, and the like.
Richard Steckel, Robin Simons, Jeffrey Simons & Norman Tanen, Making Money While Making a Difference: How to Profit with a Nonprofit Partner (1999).
Abstract (from Amazon Product Description): Essential strategies to show companies how to partner with nonprofits -- and make money.
Richard Steckel, Robin Simons & Peter Lengsfelder, FILTHY RICH: HOW TO TURN YOUR NONPROFIT FANTASIES INTO COLD, HARD CASH (2d ed. 2000).
Abstract (from product description at Amazon.com): A guide for teaching non-profit managers how to navigate the shark-infested economy. A comprehensive handbook revealing a modern strategy for business and marketing that is designed to help struggling non-profits develop and grow. Includes step-by-step instructions.
Elizabeth U, Raising Dough: The Complete Guide to Financing a Socially Responsible Food Business (2013).
Abstract (from publisher): More and more entrepreneurs are using food-based businesses to solve social and environmental problems - and yet the majority of them report that a lack of access to capital prevents them from launching, maintaining, or growing their ventures. Raising Dough is an unprecedented guide to the full range of financing options available to support sustainable food businesses.
Raising Dough provides valuable insights into the world of finance, including descriptions of various capital options, including traditional debt and equity, government grant and loan programs, and cutting-edge models such as crowdfunding and community-based alternatives; guiding questions to help determine which capital options are the most appropriate given the size, stage, entity type, growth plans, mission, and values of an enterprise; case studies and testimonials highlighting the experiences of food system entrepreneurs who have been there before, including both success stories and cautionary tales; and referrals to sources of capital, financiers, investor networks, and other financial resources. Written primarily for people managing socially responsible food businesses, the resources and tips covered in this book will benefit social entrepreneurs - and their investors - working in any sector.
VALUES AND OPPORTUNITIES IN SOCIAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP (Kai Hockerts, Johanna Mair & Jeffrey Robinson, eds. 2010).
Product Description (from Amazon): Over the past years social entrepreneurship has grown as a research field. In this third edited volume we have collected contributions studying particularly questions of values in Social Entrepreneurship as well as the identification and exploitation of Social Venturing Opportunities.
Warren Tranquada; John Baker & John Pepin, ENTREPRENEURSHIP IN THE SOCIAL SECTOR (2007).
Abstract (from publisher): Written for students and practitioners, this unique text, with Harvard cases, provides detailed analysis and frameworks for achieving maximum impact through social entrepreneurship. Entrepreneurship in the Social Sector enables readers to attain an in depth understanding of the distinctive characteristics of the social enterprise context and organizations. The authors offer tools to develop the knowledge to pursue social entrepreneurship more strategically and achieve mission impact more efficiently, effectively, and sustainably.
Warren Tranquada; John Baker & John Pepin, SOCIAL SECTOR ENTREPRENEURSHIP AND INNOVATION (2007).
Abstract (from publisher): This booklet is a concise reference guide intended for non-profit organizations who wish to be more entrepreneurial. Social sector entrepreneurship may include starting an earned income business, but this does not need to be the only definition. Entrepreneurship is really an attitude, rather than an activity. The booklet particularly explores strategic planning, idea creation, earned income, partnerships, business planning, marketing, organizational structure, financing and general resources. Each page of this book is a self-contained list of tips, resources or concepts pertaining to a specific topic. Any page can be read in isolation, or you can read the guide cover-to-cover.
Jane C. Wei-Skillern, James E. Austin, Herman B. Leonard & Howard H. Stevenson, ENTREPRENEURSHIP IN THE SOCIAL SECTOR (2007).
Abstract: This text, with Harvard cases, provides detailed analysis and frameworks for achieving maximum impact through social entrepreneurship. Entrepreneurship in the Social Sector enables readers to attain an in depth understanding of the distinctive characteristics of the social enterprise context and organizations. The authors offer tools to develop the knowledge to pursue social entrepreneurship more strategically and achieve mission impact more efficiently, effectively, and sustainably.
Muhammad Yunus, BUILDING SOCIAL BUSINESS: THE NEW KIND OF CAPITALISM THAT SERVES HUMANITY'S MOST PRESSING NEEDS (2010).
Product Description (from Amazon): Muhammad Yunus, the practical visionary who pioneered microcredit and, with his Grameen Bank, won the 2006 Nobel Peace Prize, has developed a visionary new dimension for capitalism which he calls “social business.” By harnessing the energy of profit-making to the objective of fulfilling human needs, social business creates self-supporting, viable commercial enterprises that generate economic growth even as they produce goods and services that make the world a better place. In this book, Yunus shows how social business has gone from being a theory to an inspiring practice, adopted by leading corporations, entrepreneurs, and social activists across Asia, South America, Europe and the US. He demonstrates how social business transforms lives; offers practical guidance for those who want to create social businesses of their own; explains how public and corporate policies must adapt to make room for the social business model; and shows why social business holds the potential to redeem the failed promise of free-market enterprise.
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